Ingenia - Issue 49, December 2011


Thinking Smarter

Dr Scott Steedman CBE FREng

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In brief

£1 Million Engineering Prize; Pylons of the future?; Underground engineering skills; Search for exceptional innovators; New Clydeside museum; Portable power; Promoting science teaching; Biomimicry wins award

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Response to: Earthquakes, again; Response to: University Technical Colleges; Student placement schemes

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No time to abandon energy density

Professor Colin McInnes FREng

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Jeni Mundy FREng

Mobile systems specialist

The CTO of Vodafone UK talks about the evolution of mobile networks and their extension into money transfer, telematics and cloud computing
By Michael Kenward OBE

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Engineering cells to grow tissue

Professor Alicia El Haj

Advances in cell and tissue manufacture, using magnetic nanoparticles and scaffold biomaterials

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How low can we go?

Dr Martin Knopf

Downsizing the internal combustion engine is cutting fuel consumption, improving vehicle efficiency and reducing carbon emissions

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Knowledge transfer success

Emily Bick

An innovative plastics recycling process has resulted from collaborations between businesses and academic institutions

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Future for mobile handsets

Christine Evans-Pughe

How low-power, high-performance processors are driving smartphone and tablet development

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Restoration of the Forth Bridge

John Andrew

Epoxy-based paint and encapsulated scaffolding were two of the components behind the successful restoration of the Clydeside bridge

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Cloud computing

Nick Coleman

An explanation of the different models of cloud computing and how these are growing the market for data sharing worldwide

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INNOVATION WATCH - Indoor positioning system

Cambridge-based Ubisense combines Ultra Wide Band radio, RFID tags and GPS to create a sophisticated object-tracking system

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The evolution of 3D visuals from Victorian stereograms to holograms.

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Editorial Board

Editor-in-Chief Dr Scott Steedman CBE FREng
Managing Editor Dominic Joyeux
Copy Editor Emily Bick
Editorial Board Professor John Burland CBE FREng FRS
Derek Hanson FREng
Michael Kenward OBE
John Loughhead OBE FREng
Martin Manning FREng
Dr Ian Nussey OBE FREng
Professor William Stewart FREng
Professor Liz Tanner FREng
Professor William Webb FREng
Stephen Vranch FREng


Director, Policy & Public Affairs Beverley Parkin


The Royal Academy of Engineering acknowledges the generous support by the following organisations for Ingenia: ARUP, BAE Systems, Bosch, Lloyd's Register, Rolls-Royce plc

The Royal Academy of Engineering acknowledges the generous support by the following organisations for Ingenia:


ARUP Sponsor pictureARUP is a global firm of designers, engineers and business consultants providing a diverse range of professional services to our clients around the world. Sustainability underpins our work and the firm is the creative force behind many of the world’s most innovative and sustainable buildings, transport and civil engineering projects. Established 60 years ago, ARUP has nearly 9,000 employees, based in 86 offices in 37 countries, working on up to 10,000 projects at any one time. ARUP is a wholly-independent firm owned in trust on behalf of our staff. With no external shareholders, this independence enables us to shape our own direction with no outside pressure or influence.

- BAE Systems

BAE Systems Sponsor pictureBAE Systems is a global defence, aerospace and security company with approximately 84,600 employees worldwide and operations in the US, UK, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Australia and India. The Company delivers a full range of products and services for air, land and naval forces, as well as advanced electronics, security, information technology solutions and customer support services.

- Bosch

Bosch pictureThe Bosch Group is a leading global supplier of technology and services in the areas of automotive and industrial technology, consumer goods, and building technology. Across the world Bosch employs around 280,000 people and has a presence in over 150 different countries. Developing innovative products that improve the quality of people’s lives is what’s important to Bosch, and this is reflected in the company’s slogan ‘Invented for Life’. Each year, Bosch spends more than 3.5 billion Euros and around 9 percent of its annual global sales revenue for research and development. The company applies for 15 patent applications worldwide every day! In the UK, Bosch is known and respected as a leading supplier of customer-focused products and services for the home, car and garden. But it’s not just consumer products that benefit from Bosch’s innovative technologies and engineering capabilities. Bosch engineering technology is the driving force behind the London Eye and gearboxes from the Bosch Rexroth Drives and Controls division are used to power on and offshore wind turbines for the growing wind-energy sector, in fact, the division is the world’s largest independent supplier of gearboxes and automation solutions for wind turbines. Bosch is one of the most environmentally-minded organisations in the country today, and is leading the way with research and development into solar technology that can turn heat provided by the sun into heating and hot water for the home – completely free of any CO2 – and Worcester Bosch’s boilers are some of the most energy-efficient on the market.

- Lloyd's Register

Lloyd's Register Sponsor pictureLives and livelihoods depend on quality systems you will probably never see, ships, roads and railtracks on which you may never travel and distant production plants about which you have never heard.

The Lloyd’s Register Group is an organisation that works to enhance safety and to approve assets and systems at sea, on land and in the air. We check that assets and systems work so that people and communities around the world can get on with everyday life. We are driven by a strong sense that what we are doing matters.

To make this happen, we set, uphold and apply high technical standards of design, manufacture, construction, maintenance, operation and performance across many industries to the benefit of many businesses.

Lloyd’s Register stands apart: independent, objective, experienced and uncompromising in our commitment to helping our clients.

- Rolls-Royce plc

Rolls-Royce Sponsor pictureRolls-Royce depends on its ability to innovate and invests over £900 million on Research and Development, two-thirds of which is aimed at improving the environmental performance of its products and operations.

With annual sales of £11 billion, an order book of over £60 billion and 39,000 people employed globally, Rolls-Royce has manufacturing and service facilities in 50 countries. Our customer base comprises 500 airlines, 4,000 corporate and utility operators, 2,000 marine customers and 160 armed forces and energy customers in 120 countries. We have over 54,000 gas turbines in service worldwide which generate a demand for high-value services throughout their operational lives. Rolls-Royce service revenues have grown by ten per cent compound over the past decade, now representing 51 per cent of annual sales.

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